Geography and Population
Cyprus is situated in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, at the hub of three continents where the trade routes intersect. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea after Sicily and the Sardinia. The total area of the island covers 9,251 square kms. The area of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) is 3,242 square kms. The nearest neighbouring country to Cyprus is Turkey which lies at a distance of 65 kms to the north. Cyprus is located 100 kms west of Syria and 420 kms north of Egypt.
Midyear de-jure population estimate of This Country in 2011 is 286,257. The 2017 population projection is 351,965, was estimated by State Planning Organization.
The capital Lefkoşa is the largest city of TRNC. The other major towns are Gazimağusa and Girne which are located on the coast. Güzelyurt and Lefke are two towns which are famous with the large citrus orchards.
The official language is Turkish but English is widely spoken and understood in official and commercial circles. The religion is Islam, with Muslims making up 99% of the population.
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus has a typical Mediterranean climate with about 300 days of sunshine per year. It enjoys dry, warm summers and mild winters. The bulk of the rain falls during the period from November to March. The coldest month is January having minimum and maximum mean temperatures of 6 oC and 16 oC respectively. In the hottest month August the corresponding minimum and maximum mean temperatures are 21oC and 35 oC.
There is a multi-party of democracy in TRNC where human rights, political pluralism and private property are safeguarded. The head of the state is the President of the Republic who is elected by universal suffrage for a period of five years. Legislative power is exercised by the Assembly of the Republic which consists of fifty deputies. The country is managed by a Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President. Elections are held freely every five years, based on universal suffrage.
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